Loxapine long-term effects were not known 45 years ago when this first-generation antipsychotic medication was first marketed. But today we can access and pass on a lot more information about potential risks to watch for.
The knowledge base about schizophrenia and psychosis has also expanded considerably. The positive effects of correct diet and nutrition, as well as treating toxic exposure, trauma, and other factors in mental health have never been clearer than today. That is why these form the fundamental protocols for our clients at Alternative to Meds Center.
YOU ARE RIGHT to be concerned about
the long-term effects of loxapine!
Alternative to Meds Center has been a world leader in managing and recovering from the effects of long-term medication use, for nearly 2 decades now. Over this time we have helped more than 20,000 clients and collected and documented patient recovery success rates. Many of the staff at the center have achieved their own recovery from similar challenges and have dedicated themselves to offering the same opportunity to our clients.
15 Years Experience by Professionals Who Understand Your Journey.
Both conventional (1st generation, or typical) antipsychotic medications such as loxapine, and more recent (atypical, or 2nd generation) antipsychotics are associated with a doubled death rate in placebo-controlled trials. There is a black box on the packaging for all products containing loxapine (all versions) that warns against prescribing the drug to elderly dementia patients.2
Decades of studies show a number of common, well-documented adverse outcomes in the treatment of schizophrenia-related symptoms with long-term antipsychotic medications. Some of the adverse reactions to antipsychotics can be life-threatening, though these occur more rarely. Drug-induced adverse effects in general tend to increase in frequency/intensity in relation to dose escalation. The following are adverse reactions that should be monitored early in treatment.
Long-term effects of Loxapine may include:
Brain volume loss
Dopamine receptor supersensitivity.
In some patients, worsened, prolonged, and more frequent psychotic symptoms.
Receptor neuroadaptation, leading to loss of medication efficacy.
Increased rate of major cardiovascular events,
More frequent relapses are associated with continuous use, compared to those who gradually came off medication.
Drug-induced movement disorders such as parkinsonism, tardive dyskinesia, akathisia, prolonged muscle contractions, and other extrapyramidal (involuntary muscle movement) disorders. These syndromes can manifest after low-dose, high-dose, brief use, or long-term use. A higher incidence occurs with intramuscular administration. Often these are irreversible syndromes. Some cases have reversed after discontinuation.
Sexual dysfunction in both male and female patients.
NMS (neuroleptic malignant syndrome) — a rare life-threatening reaction most associated with 1st generation antipsychotics and after an increase in dosage.
Lowered white blood cell count and other blood disorders.
Infants born to mothers taking loxapine products can suffer extrapyramidal and other adverse effects after birth.
CNS effects may include agitation, dizziness, fainting, shuffling gait, insomnia, tension, slurred speech, numbness, sedation, confusion, twitching, and others.
Puffiness, skin rash, urinary retention, constipation, alopecia (hair loss as a result of immune system dysfunction), changes in weight, and others.
After a patient stabilizes, much research in the medical literature suggests that long-term use may be unnecessary and even unwise for health reasons.1,6-15
How Exact are Diagnoses of Psychosis, Dementia, Schizophrenia, Mania, etc.?
The criteria for a diagnosis of a mental disorder like schizophrenia, psychosis, or dementia have all evolved over time. For example, most cases of dementia are decided in the office of a general practitioner, with input from family members often relied on for diagnostic criteria. Although the newest version of the DSM (V) has changed “dementia” to “neurocognitive disorder,” the term dementia is still used on drug packaging and also commonly used in the bulk of medical literature and in conversation.
The DSM lists a quite short list of criteria for a diagnosis of “neurocognitive disorder” which is in reality an umbrella term for various symptoms of memory loss and cognitive decline. Changes to diagnostic criteria require some effort to grasp the complexity of such a diagnosis, despite the brevity of its description in the diagnostic manual. For example, Alzheimer’s Disease is now classed as a sub-type of dementia. In addition, various psychiatric terms are used to describe different characteristics associated with a neurocognitive disorder, such as “aphasia” (the loss of language skills), “apraxia” (the inability to execute normal movements or gestures), and “agnosia” (an inability to recognize everyday objects or persons).16
This is especially concerning since neurocognitive disorder (dementia) has been described in recent medical literature as a mental health epidemic of major proportions in recent years.18
An accurate diagnosis of schizophrenia also takes a bit of time and effort to review since many aspects have been updated (and some dropped) in the DSM-V. One factor that was carried over from DSM-IV was the stipulation that hallucinations, mania, delusions, etc. cannot be attributed to substance use (prescribed or other) or to some other physiological condition. Making such a differentiation takes lab tests, medical history, and a thorough full-spectrum medical check-up, and often, in the middle of a crisis, there is no time to take such actions. And in a condition of psychosis or other distress, a cogent history may not be readily available from the patient. As a result of these and other complexities, misdiagnosis and errors in the treatment of schizophrenia, psychosis, dementia, Bipolar 1, etc., are not at all uncommon.3,5,19,20
We want you to know that Alternative to Meds Center does not focus on labels but on improving mental health naturally and safely. But we do recommend understanding more about how such a label may have been used to justify drug treatment, especially if long-term loxapine effects have caused distress instead of improved health. Knowledge can be empowering.
Prescribing Information for Loxapine
There are several versions of generic loxapine that come in capsules, liquid suspension, inhalant powder, and intramuscular injectable forms.2
For immediate control of agitation, the inhalant form can be given once per 24-hour period, but only in a specially licensed facility.
The intramuscular form can be given every 4 to 6 hours to control agitation or other symptoms.
Once the patient has stabilized, and they are able to take medication orally, the label recommends transitioning to the capsule or oral concentrate form, and this switch should occur within 5 days.
Strategies to Help Loxapine Long-Term Effects
Discontinuation of antipsychotic medication can be a strategy to overcome long-term effects and regain natural mental health. But the process must be done very gradually, with adequate preparation and ongoing support in place. More information on coming off antipsychotic medication safely can be found on ATMC’s medication cessation pages.
Recovering Natural Mental Health at Alternative to Meds Center
As a short-term remedy for an extreme mental health crisis, medication may have been the best option for that situation. However, long-term loxapine use does not always provide the best possibility for recovery of mental health.
At Alternative to Meds Center, many therapeutic applications are used to help our clients transition to the reduction or elimination of medication. Natural substances can be used to help ease this transition, and help the neurochemistry normalize in safe, healthy ways. Clients can take advantage of neurotoxin removal, natural neurotransmitter rehabilitation, exercise including Qi Gong, yoga, and Equine Therapy, corrected diet and supplementation, CBT, IV treatments, safe discontinuation protocols under medical supervision, and a wealth of other therapeutic opportunities to restore mental wellness safely and gradually.
Perhaps you have concerns about warning signs in your or in a loved one’s situation. Please call us for more information on options for treatment. We would like to provide more details on our comfortable cessation programs and get all your questions answered, including insurance coverage, length of the program, and anything else you would like to learn more about.
Our clients express a desire to regain mental wellness in a holistic and compassionate setting under medical supervision. Our programs are designed on an individual basis for each unique person to receive such help. Over 40 trained professionals are on hand to assist, and the facility provides a warm and friendly setting, including peer support programs. Please contact us for more information about our world-class recovery program to prevent loxapine long-term effects from negatively impacting your or your loved one’s life.
14. Chouinard G, Samaha AN, Chouinard VA, Peretti CS, Kanahara N, Takase M, Iyo M. Antipsychotic-Induced Dopamine Supersensitivity Psychosis: Pharmacology, Criteria, and Therapy. Psychother Psychosom. 2017;86(4):189-219. doi: 10.1159/000477313. Epub 2017 Jun 24. PMID: 28647739. [cited 2022 Nov 8]
15. D’Souza RS, Hooten WM. Extrapyramidal Symptoms. [Updated 2022 Aug 1]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2022 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK534115/ [cited 2022 Nov 8]
17. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Impact of the DSM-IV to DSM-5 Changes on the National Survey on Drug Use and Health [Internet]. Rockville (MD): Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (US); 2016 Jun. Table 3.22, DSM-IV to DSM-5 Schizophrenia Comparison. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK519704/table/ch3.t22/ [cited 2022 Nov 8]
This content has been reviewed and approved by a licensed physician.
Dr. Samuel Lee
Dr. Samuel Lee is a board-certified psychiatrist, specializing in a spiritually-based mental health discipline and integrative approaches. He graduated with an MD at Loma Linda University School of Medicine and did a residency in psychiatry at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and University of Washington School of Medicine in Seattle. He has also been an inpatient adult psychiatrist at Kaweah Delta Mental Health Hospital and the primary attending geriatric psychiatrist at the Auerbach Inpatient Psychiatric Jewish Home Hospital. In addition, he served as the general adult outpatient psychiatrist at Kaiser Permanente. He is board-certified in psychiatry and neurology and has a B.A. Magna Cum Laude in Religion from Pacific Union College. His specialty is in natural healing techniques that promote the body’s innate ability to heal itself.
Diane is an avid supporter and researcher of natural mental health strategies. Diane received her medical writing and science communication certification through Stanford University and has published over 3 million words on the topics of holistic health, addiction, recovery, and alternative medicine. She has proudly worked with the Alternative to Meds Center since its inception and is grateful for the opportunity to help the founding members develop this world-class center that has helped so many thousands regain natural mental health.
Medical Disclaimer: Nothing on this Website is intended to be taken as medical advice. The information provided on the website is intended to encourage, not replace, direct patient-health professional relationships. Always consult with your doctor before altering your medications. Adding nutritional supplements may alter the effect of medication. Any medication changes should be done only after proper evaluation and under medical supervision.