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Bromazepam Side Effects, Withdrawal and FAQs

Bromazepam has a strong potential for addiction or dependence if taken for more than a short time. Side effects of the drug can be mild to moderate or severe and particular care should be taken not to mix it with other CNS depressants, such as alcohol.

Special care must be taken when stopping the use of Bromazepam.

Some information on these topics and additional FAQs can be found below concerning this anti-anxiety medication.

What is Bromazepam Used For?

Bromazepam is used as an anti-anxiety agent, and is sometimes prescribed “as needed,” for instance, to prevent a full-blown panic attack, for sleeping, tension, and before minor surgery.

Bromazepam Alternative Names and Slang

Bromazepam is not sold in the US but is available in France and possibly other countries under trade names such as Bromaze, Somalium, Lexatin, Brazepam, and others.

It is not clear whether slang names have developed over the 50+ years it has been around, except that as it is a benzodiazepine drug, in some circles it might be generally referred to as “a downer,” “a trank,” “candy,” or simply “a benzo.”

Bromazepam Side Effects

Side effects of Bromazepam are not unlike those of other benzodiazepine drugs. Not all possible side effects are listed here; if a person experiences a significant discomfort, seek medical attention. Bromazepam side effects can include:

  • Paradoxical reactions are more likely to occur in the elderly and can include increased anxiety, restlessness, depression, delusions, rage, nightmares, etc. and if these occur the medication should be withdrawn under medical supervision and monitoring.
  • Severe allergic reaction (abdominal cramps, nausea, sudden fever, rash, raised welts or swelling in the face, mouth or throat, loss of consciousness, confusion, agitation, etc.)
  • Sedation
  • Pregnant and nursing women should not take Bromazepam as it can harm the baby.1
  • Depression
  • Thoughts of suicide or self harm
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Decreased interest in things that usually were of interest
  • Anxiety
  • Agitation
  • Tachycardia
  • Aural or visual hallucinations
  • Insomnia
  • nightmares
  • Memory impairment
  • Anterograde amnesia (cannot form new memories, resulting in memory loss)
  • Cognitive impairments and significant learning capacity reduction
  • Drowsiness
  • Deteriorated motor skill performance i.e., delayed reflexes while driving or operating machinery, and should be avoided
  • Loss of coordination
  • Decreased libido
  • Dystonia (rare condition of muscle spasms, jerks, repetitive movements or twisting of the body, face, etc.)
  • Liver damage (the drug maker advises getting regular medical exams)
  • Constipation
  • Headache
  • Slurred speech
  • Nausea

Bromazepam Withdrawal Symptoms

Withdrawal symptoms will emerge after taking the drug for more than one or two weeks. For this reason the drug should never be abruptly stopped but slowly tapered off under medical supervision.

If the tapering process is done slowly and with adequate support, withdrawals may be mild to moderate. However, some effects may present as more intense than expected even with a gradual reduction and may require medical intervention to avoid fatality.2

Bromazepam withdrawal symptoms may include:

  • A return of symptoms, i.e. anxiety, depression and may be significantly worsened.
  • Agitation
  • Confusion
  • Tremors
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Tension
  • Muscle pain
  • Irritability
  • Insomnia
  • Diarrhea
  • Headache
  • Restlessness
  • Drug cravings

Discontinuing/Quitting Bromazepam

The body quickly becomes tolerant to Bromazepam, requiring more of the drug to attain the same level of sedation. When the drug is withdrawn, even after as little as one to two weeks, withdrawals will likely present. These can be severe reactions, and can be life-threatening especially if the drug is stopped abruptly.2

Always seek medical assistance so that the drug can be slowly tapered down to reduce withdrawal symptoms as much as possible.

Bromazepam FAQs

Information is not readily available in the US on this drug. Below is information relating to Bromazepam and some of the most frequently asked about topics where any information is available.

Why is Bromazepam Not Available in the U.S.?

While Bromazepam is legally prescribed in other countries, such as France and Australia, it has not been approved by the FDA for use in the US.

There are reportedly many characteristics of the drug which make other alternatives safer and more desirable treatment options.2,3

Treatment for Bromazepam Abuse and Addiction?

Bromazepam abuse and addiction may become problematic quite quickly after starting to use this potent benzodiazepine drug. In France, where the drug is prescribed as an anti-anxiety agent, as well as for other purposes as outlined above, it is the most common drug used for intentional overdose.4

Medically monitored withdrawal is the safest recommendation, as there may be some complications requiring immediate intervention, such as airway collapse, severe respiratory failure, loss of consciousness, psychoses and other extreme scenarios that would be best handled in a secure hospital setting.

Alternative to Meds Center commonly has international clients who come to us from all over the world. We welcome all clients and can assist with information about how to travel to the US for our services.

1. Bibby S “Benzodiazepines: A Risk Factor in Sudden Infant Death?” Beat The Benzos Campaign, 2000 Nov

2. Bromazepam Core Safety Profile Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices, Germany, 2013 Nov 26

3. “Why is Bromazepam not available in the USA?” Quora, 2015 Apr 14

4. Staikowsky F, Theil F, Candella S “Trends in the Pharmaceutical Profile of Intentional Drug Overdoses Seen in the Emergency Room” PubMed, 2005 Jul 02

This content has been reviewed and approved by a licensed physician.

Dr. Michael Loes, M.D.

Dr. Michael Loes is board-certified in Internal Medicine, Pain Management and Addiction Medicine. He holds a dual license in Homeopathic and Integrative Medicine. He obtained his medical doctorate at the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, 1978. Dr. Loes performed an externship at the National Institute of Health for Psychopharmacology. Additionally, he is a well-published author including Arthritis: The Doctor’s Cure, The Aspirin Alternative, The Healing Response, and Spirit Driven Health: The Psalmist’s Guide for Recovery. He has been awarded the Minnesota Medical Foundation’s “Excellence in Research” Award.

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