About Substance-Induced Mania
The most common examples of this condition today are mania symptoms that occur during or after ingesting a drug. There are examples of mania or psychosis or other drug-induced symptoms that occur after taking prescribed medications as well as street drugs. The phenomenon can happen after one time, or after a period of regular use, or after becoming addicted to a drug.
In the case of mania, the substance-induced high is usually followed by a crash. Hence many addicts have come to be diagnosed with bipolar1 as that pattern would seem to fit the criteria as laid out in the DSM. The usual mania treatment once diagnosed is to drug the patient with sedatives, antipsychotics, or other pharmaceutical drugs. However, if the actual addiction and risky behavior have not been curtailed in treatment, there is no drug in the world that will cure the highs and lows of drug addiction. Like pouring gasoline on a fire, it does not alleviate and can in fact exacerbate the factors that led to the manic state.
Mania can be made worse with the use of certain medications.
Substances Known to Cause Mania or Psychosis:
- Cocaine *
- LSD *
- Medications for Parkinson’s Disease *
- Muscle Relaxants
* In the DSM 5, substance-induced psychosis (i.e. psychosis while on antidepressants) attempts to narrowly define the condition as Bipolar 1, a mental illness requiring further drug treatment. However, there has been controversy on the subject of the diagnosis and best treatment of psychosis. Some medical literature observes the symptoms usually subside after the substance is cleared from the body. 2,3
Treatment for Substance-Induced Mania
Although substance-induced mania may seem difficult to overcome, such symptoms related to mania can be addressed and corrected safely with non-harmful protocols.
Mania (from the Greek root which means “addiction to”) has come down the centuries to mean in current psychiatric verbiage, a condition lasting at least one week of heightened enthusiasm, euphoria, inability to sleep, and elevated self-esteem. Other characteristics have come to be added to the list, over time.